Racial classification refers to the categorization of humans into distinct groups based on inherited physical and genetic characteristics. It is a controversial and complicated topic due to the immense genetic diversity and cultural intermingling among humans worldwide.
Nevertheless, for the purpose of understanding cultural and historical differences, five major racial groups are typically recognized: Caucasian, Mongoloid, Negroid, Australoid, and Amerindian
Structural racism is a complex, deeply entrenched system of social, economic, and political inequalities embedded in the fabric of society. It operates on multiple levels, from individual bias to institutional practices, and from cultural representation to legislative policies.
Critical Race Theory (CRT) is a theoretical framework and intellectual movement that seeks to understand and challenge the ways in which race and racial inequality shape societal structures and individual experiences.
Race crossing, or interracial breeding, refers to the phenomenon where individuals of different races produce offspring. This process has resulted in the rich genetic diversity we observe in humanity today. Studying race crossing in humans offers insights into how our
Xenophobia, derived from the Greek words "xenos" (foreign) and "phobos" (fear), refers to an irrational or intense fear or hatred of individuals from other nations, cultures, or ethnic groups. It has been a recurring social issue worldwide, manifested in various forms such as discrimination, stereotypes, violence, and restrictive immigration policies.