The relationship between culture health and disease is a complex and intricate one. Culture shapes beliefs, attitudes, and practices relating to health and illness, and these, in turn, influence the prevalence, diagnosis, and management of diseases.
Derived from the Tongan word "Tabu," meaning "forbidden" or "prohibited," Taboo refers to actions, behaviours, or subjects that are considered forbidden, offensive, or socially unacceptable within a particular culture or society.
Deculturation, a term often mistaken for acculturation, refers to the process where a person, group, or society loses their original culture due to oppression, colonization, or other factors that lead to cultural disruption.
Cultural evolution is a concept that attempts to explain the way societies develop over time, emphasizing how cultural practices, ideas, and technologies change and spread across generations. This understanding of cultural evolution provides a lens through which we can comprehend the broad outlines of prehistoric cultures.
Cultural Materialism, a theoretical framework originally coined by anthropologist Marvin Harris, provides an insightful perspective for examining socio-cultural phenomena. As a research strategy, it uses the material conditions of life, specifically the production and reproduction of life, to illuminate cultural practices and beliefs.
An ethnic group represents a category of people who identify with each other, usually on the basis of presumed similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation. Ethnicity is often an inherited status, but it can also be adopted, shed, and renegotiated over time.
Stereotypes, widely held simplified and generalized perceptions or images of a particular type of person or thing, play a significant role in how individuals perceive and interact with the world around them. From the viewpoint of cultural anthropology, stereotypes not only shape social interactions but also influence societal structures and cultural norms.
Alterity, from the Latin 'alteritas', denotes the state of being 'other' or 'different'. The term is used predominantly in philosophical and cultural contexts to explore the concepts of diversity, difference, and identity. It is fundamental to any process that seeks to understand the self and the other and
Culture complex is a concept used to illustrate a constellation of related cultural traits. These can be anything from material objects, ideas, practices, and shared understanding. Culture complexes cluster around crucial aspects of social life such as cooking, hunting, or family structures.
Rites of passage are ceremonies or rituals signifying an individual's progress from one stage of life to another. This concept was first coined by ethnographer Arnold Van Gennep in his work "The Rites of Passage" (1909), where he identified these rituals as a universal phenomenon existing in all cultures.
Liminality, a term first coined by anthropologist Arnold van Gennep in his work "The Rites of Passage", originates from the Latin word 'limen,' which means 'threshold.' This concept refers to the transitional period or phase of a rite of passage, during which the participant lacks a defined social status.
Couvade, a term derived from the French 'couvee' meaning 'to hatch,' is a unique cross-cultural phenomenon that describes the practices in which a father experiences sympathetic pregnancy symptoms. These can range from minor discomfort to severe pain. Edward B. Tylor, a pioneer in cultural anthropology, first introduced this intriguing concept.