Derived from the Tongan word "Tabu," meaning "forbidden" or "prohibited," Taboo refers to actions, behaviours, or subjects that are considered forbidden, offensive, or socially unacceptable within a particular culture or society.
An ethnic group represents a category of people who identify with each other, usually on the basis of presumed similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation. Ethnicity is often an inherited status, but it can also be adopted, shed, and renegotiated over time.
A community is a group of individuals sharing common values, interests, or geographic location who interact with one another on a more frequent basis than with others outside the community. The concept of community holds significant sociological and anthropological implications and has evolved dramatically with the advent of technology and the internet.
The structures of egalitarian and non-egalitarian societies highlight different aspects of human social organization. While egalitarian societies reflect values of equality and shared responsibility, non-egalitarian societies underscore the human inclination towards structure, hierarchy, and individual achievement.
Social Sanctions play an integral role in maintaining societal norms and values by influencing individual behavior. They can be classified into positive and negative sanctions, each of which has formal and informal variations.
The dichotomy of Universalisation and Parochialisation represents the cultural dynamic of an increasingly interconnected world. Understanding these processes provides valuable insights into how societies and cultures negotiate their identities in the face of globalisation.
Urban society, the societal segment that resides in cities, has always been an intriguing subject for anthropologists. Its complexities, diversity, and constantly evolving nature provide a fertile ground for anthropological study.
Peasant society represent a category of agrarian societies where the major mode of subsistence depends on small-scale agriculture. While the label ‘peasant’ may bear historical and cultural connotations, researchers aim to elucidate the anthropological understanding of peasant societies, drawing on key studies and theories.
Language socialization is the process by which individuals, typically children, acquire the communicative competence needed in their community through exposure to and interaction with more experienced speakers.
Social stratification refers to the organization of individuals into social hierarchies based on various factors such as wealth, power, and prestige. These hierarchies are often stable across generations and influence the opportunities available to people within society.
Social mobility, the ability of individuals or groups to move within a social hierarchy, is a core aspect of understanding societal structures and changes.
The concept of a ‘group’ serves as a cornerstone in social anthropology, providing essential insights into the structures and dynamics that define human social interaction.