Actuarial Science is an interdisciplinary field that employs mathematical and statistical methods to assess risk in insurance, finance, and other industries. In essence, actuaries use statistics and financial theory to study uncertain future events, especially those of concern to insurance and pension programs.
Evolutionary adaptation, also known simply as adaptation, refers to the process by which organisms evolve traits and behaviors that help them survive and thrive in their environment. This process is driven by natural selection, a core mechanism of evolution
Acclimatization refers to the process by which an organism adjusts to changes in its environment. It is a complex physiological process involving modifications at the cellular, metabolic, and behavioral levels.
Research design is an essential part of any scientific endeavor. It's a blueprint for empirical investigation, outlining the processes for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data. The quality of the research design significantly impacts the results of the study, affecting both its validity and reliability.
Participant observation is a principal research method in anthropology where anthropologists immerse themselves in the daily lives of people they study. By taking part in the community's life, they observe and record data about social phenomena, providing a deep and holistic understanding of a given culture or society.
Incorporating liberal research in anthropology has amplified the scope and impact of anthropological studies. By acknowledging the pluralities and complexities of human societies, this intersection gives birth to a more compassionate, inclusive, and democratic way of understanding and engaging with our world.
Transformational Generative Syntax (TGS) is a linguistic theory rooted in the belief that humans have an innate ability for language acquisition and use. Developed by Noam Chomsky in the 1950s, TGS seeks to explain the complex structures and rules governing natural languages.
Structural racism is a complex, deeply entrenched system of social, economic, and political inequalities embedded in the fabric of society. It operates on multiple levels, from individual bias to institutional practices, and from cultural representation to legislative policies.
Critical Race Theory (CRT) is a theoretical framework and intellectual movement that seeks to understand and challenge the ways in which race and racial inequality shape societal structures and individual experiences.
Race crossing, or interracial breeding, refers to the phenomenon where individuals of different races produce offspring. This process has resulted in the rich genetic diversity we observe in humanity today. Studying race crossing in humans offers insights into how our
The terms "sacred" and "profane" serve as pillars for understanding various religious phenomena. Originating from the Latin words 'sacer' (holy) and 'profanum' (outside the temple), these concepts have been central to anthropological, sociological, and religious studies.
In the realm of political anthropology, a band represents the simplest form of human socio-political organization. It typically involves a small, kin-based group of people that subsist through foraging.